A List of Poetic Devices Defined and Examples of What They Do in Poems (2023)

What are poetic devices? They are literary devices such as grammar, rhythm, structure that aid a poet in creating poetry. Poetic devices may enhance the timing and rhythm of the poem, the meaning of the words or the emotions felt by those reading it.

While finding out what a poetic device is answers a good, pure and curious question, it’s not as useful as you may think. The important thing from a craft or appreciation perspective isn’t so much what a poetic device is but what it does.

How Do Poetic Devices Work?

Poetic devices form patterns, and these patterns do various things: describe, persuade, inform, inspire, illustrate, elevate, sing and inscribe words into memory.

You can break things down into general categorical functions. Each device you’ll find or use in a poem probably serves at least one of these roles:

  • Rhetoric: Persuading someone to feel or do something
  • Prosodic: Creating a sound or rhythm
  • Semantic: Establishing a meaning
  • Aesthetic: Creating beauty

This article is not a complete poetic devices list, but it’s a good one. Anyway, at the risk of being abrupt, here goes.

A List of Poetic Devices Defined and Examples of What They Do in Poems (1)

Poetic Diction

Diction is word choice, and poetic diction is word choice that creates poetry. Most poets set aside certain language-creation choices for their poetry —as opposed to their critical prose or persuasive speech, for example. Others seem to create language with more or less the same techniques and choices regardless of its applications.

At one point in time, you could tell you were reading some sort of verse — and even what type of verse you were reading, in some cases — by the type of language being used. For example, in Ancient Greece, different dialects were used for different types of literature.

Academic English poets used to be all about ancient lit. They used special language in their attempts to differentiate poetic literature from prosaic, in imitation of the Greek and Latin poets. Here are a few examples:

  • Lo!
  • ere
  • oft
  • twas
  • twixt
  • in twain

Most people don’t use these terms very often anymore. “Ere,” “oft” and “lo” are still perennially useful in crossword puzzles, so there’s that.

To sum up, this practice-wide standardization of word choice has stopped being a defining element of poetry. The contemporary trend is toward specialization: Literary movements, schools, social groups, poets or even individual poems tend to establish their own definitions of poetic diction. You can see the same thing happening in various types of writing. For example, tech-industry writing typically employs a different diction than mainstream reporting.

Verse

Verse is probably the definitive poetic device. It’s the way one line turns into another. The word “verse” is sometimes used synonymously with “poetry.”

(Video) Poetic Devices Defined

A restrictive definition of “verse” would be lines of writing that form a regular rhythm. There are lots of different types. Here are three of the most important categories in contemporary English poetry:

  • Metered and rhymed verse: regular meter, regular accent patterns, and a set rhyme pattern.
  • Blank verse: regular meter without rigid rhyme structure.
  • Free verse: patterns that follow the poet’s or the poem’s organizational choices, whatever they may be.

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Meter and Foot

Meter is the measurement of poetry in time. You can usually determine meter by counting out syllables in a line, but some poets are sneaky (or use different measuring systems).Like manypoetic devices, definition of meter is situational.

In textbooks, you’ll see the meters called out with the same prefixes you learned in geometry class: tri-, tetra-, penta-, hexa- and so on. This refers to the number of feet in the line.

A foot — in poetry, that is — is a set of syllables with specific stress patterns. These are usually two, three or four syllables long. They have impenetrable Greek or Latin names: dactyl, molossus, iamb and so on. We get these words from scholarly discussions of (old) poetry from other languages.

Meter and Foot Examples:

  • Iambic pentameter: The frog and fox are crouched upon a log.
  • Dactylic hexameter (with the last foot as a spondee): Cows and some kids and some cats and some dogs eat grass.

Foot — and, correspondingly, scansion: the analysis and notation of emphasis and meter — has fallen out of vogue a bit in discussions of prosody, at least in the USA. But why, you ask? It’s so fun, you say!

It’s possible that the idea of the foot was never really great for English. Germanic-language poems like Old English’s “Beowulf” seem to measure lines based on the number of occurrences of alliteration. The current attitude towards meters and feet is also probably a result of some influential 20th-century poets who wrote about the subject — Charles Olson and William Carlos Williams, for example.

Williams developed what he called a variable foot later in his career. Long, metered units took up their own lines in sets of three. Olson had a piece titled “A Foot Is to Kick With” in which he asks the pointed albeit somewhat opaque question, “…who knows what a poem ought to sound like? until it’s thar?”

Enjambment

Enjambment is when you continue a thought through a visual break. For example, from Charles Olson’s “I, Maximus of Gloucester, to You”: “love is form, and cannot be without / important substance.”

By the way, the backslash means a line break when you see it in a poetry quote, and the double backslash means a section break.

Using enjambment as a poetic device allows poets to break sentences and breaths across their rhymes and meters. It can also invite readers to momentarily consider certain moments in language.

Form

Poetry’s patterns tend to be stricter than prose or everyday speech. When you talk about form in poetry, you’re usually talking about relatively strict patterns that repeat through many, similar poems (a standard form) or several sections within a single poem (the formal elements of a poem).

Standard forms tend to be split up into regular sections. Some are organized in sets of lines. In others, the lines themselves are the most important units.

(Video) LITERARY DEVICES | Learn about literary devices in English | Learn with examples | Figure of speech

English poetry has many forms. Some (read: most) are imports from other languages’ traditions. Others are inventions tied to specific poets. Here’s a brief list of some popular poetry forms used as poetic devices:

  • Ghazal: originally Arabic love poetry and now a popular South Asian song form. It starts with two rhymed lines and continues that rhyme in every even-numbered line. Example: Aimee Nezhukumatathil’s “Red Ghazal.”
  • Haiku: a famously short Japanese form with metric, aesthetic and thematic restrictions. It’s related to renga, which preceded it, and senryu, which came after. Richard Wright wrote a ton of haikus.
  • Ballad: a song-poem in regular, four-line sections. This form usually tells a story, and it has a long history in English, though the form is actually French. Some poets adopted the meter of the folk ballad without using the narrative element — try singing an Emily Dickinson poem sometime.
  • Sonnet: dreaded by many high school English students, this is a nice, little 14-line poem form that came to English from Italian and, unfortunately, brought along with it a whole textbook full of obnoxious terminology. You might have heard that Shakespeare wrote a few of these.
  • Sestina: a complex 39-line poem in 7 sections — 6 sections of 6 lines with the same repeated end words and 1 section of 3 lines with 2 of those end words per line — where the order of the end words of the last line of each individual 6-line section proceeds in the reverse order which they appear in the first section, and the same end word never occurs in the same position in any two of the 6-line sections. Kind of like sudoku. Also French(ish).

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White Space

White space is the unused space on a page of writing.

The amount of negative space has a psychological and emotional effect on readers. For example, for me, I like to see a lot of white space when approaching work I don’t know — it fills me with hope. More specifically, it means I won’t have much to read if the poem is terrible.

Basically, people read the letters and the space around them. The first is the written language, and the second is an element of the visual language inherent in a published poem.

The best thing you can say about white space as a poetic device is — and brace yourself for the double negative — that it’s not nothing. Also, whether intentionally used as a literary device or not, it’s an element of all written poetry.

Layout

Line lengths, word placement, spacing: All of these affect how poetry meets a reader. Page layout as a poetic device usually addresses some combination of the following issues:

  • How the poet wanted to write / wanted you to read the work
  • How the publisher and editor decided to print the work (hopefully with consent from the poet)
  • Transcribing a performance of poetry into a written format

Contemporary poets organize their work in many ways. Some of these methods don’t have literary terms — mostly because their practices intersect with and draw from other arts and sciences. Christian Bök and Douglas Kearney would be good examples of people who use some pretty off-the-wall layouts.

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Rhyme

You can use “rhyme” to refer to the sound of language, and even the beauty or joy of it: Take the phrase “rhyme and reason,” for example. The strictest definition is when the last stressed syllables and any following syllables sound the same between two or more words. Along with meter — loosely meaning the way the poem acts in time — rhyme is one of the most important poetic devices.

Examples:

  • There once was a man from Dubai / whose nose hair was chronically dry.
  • From Edward Fitzgerald’s translation of Omar Khayyam’s Rubaiyat: “AWAKE! for Morning in the Bowl of Night / Has flung the Stone that puts the Stars to Flight…”.

Of course, if you keep your ears open, you’ll know that matching sounds goes beyond perfect end-rhyming. There’s plenty of rhyme out there.

Examples:

(Video) Poetic Devices Explained: RHYMES (Definitions, Examples, and How to Use Them).

  • From the Hieroglyphics’ “At the Helm”: “Replace it with the latest in technology/Hip-Hop policies that demolish ya follies”
  • From Sylvia Plath’s “Blackberries”: “…Big as the ball of my thumb, and dumb as eyes / Ebon in the hedges, fat / With blue-red juices.”

Alliteration

Alliteration is when you repeat the same stressed consonant sounds.

Examples:

  • Charlie Chaplin
  • She sells sea shells by the sea shore
  • Clippity clop

Piggybacking off of the previous section discussing successive similar sounds, alliteration is regularly represented as rooted in rhyme. Generally speaking, rhyme’s the category into which all sound in language falls.

In fact, alliteration was super-duper important in early Germanic-language poetry. “Beowulf” and the “Poetic Edda” both rely on it much more than they do end rhyme. Alliteration is also a prominent feature of much of the popular — if you can call it that — epic poetry from good ol’ Greece and Rome.

Of course, some of that sound gets lost in translation. You can still appreciate it as a poetic device, though. By this I mean: It’s never too late to learn Old High German, Latin, Old Saxon, Ancient Greek, Old Norse and Old English, right? Right? Where are you going?

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Onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeia is language that sounds like what it literally means, or sounds like something related to that thing. Many words that stand in for sounds are onomatopoetic.

Examples:

  • Hiss
  • Plop
  • Beep
  • Tweet (in the non-Twitter sense)
  • Crunch
  • Whippoorwill

Simile

A simile is a statement that one thing is like another. Usually, the two things will be related, or at least comparable in a literal way. The choice of whether to explain that link is up to the poet.

Examples:

  • Bread in France is like rice in Japan: eaten with most meals.
  • From John Ashbery’s “Like a Sentence”: “I, meanwhile . . . I was going to say I had squandered spring / when summer came along and took it from me / like a terrier a lady has asked one to hold for a moment / while she adjusts her stocking in the mirror of a weighing machine.”
  • From Emily Dickinson’s poem #320: “There’s a certain Slant of light, / Winter Afternoons — / That oppresses, like the Heft / Of Cathedral Tunes —.”

Similes are among the most common poetic devices. They’re literally everywhere. For example, a flood-restoration service might claim they make homes like new in their marketing copy. A friend or random flatterer might say you look just like a movie star.

Metaphor

Metaphors move meaning from one place to another. They’re non-literal connections, expressed in language. The textbook definition is usually something like this: language that refers to something other than its literal meaning.

Literal meaning, though. What’s up with that?

(Video) Poetic Devices

Metaphor is the basis of all literal connection (except maybe for representational modes — onomatopoeia and pictograms, for example). The sounds and symbols link to the things we talk and write about, rather than literally represent them. We learn to do the work of transferring meaning from the expression to the object.

Examples:

  • “Spilling the tea.” This refers to sharing the tea (the “T”ruth, that is) in a messy manner.
  • From Afaa M. Weaver’s “Climbing China’s Great Wall”: “This wall is a great stairway, walls/are things that shoot up, keep out, line/the places where we mark the halls//that carry our names. …”

Metonymy

Metonymy is a mode of metaphor that substitutes one thing for another closely related thing. This figure of speech is related to synecdoche — referring to something by referencing a part of it or a whole of which it is a part.

Both metonymy and synecdoche are thoroughly baked into English. Nearly everyone hears them or uses them on a daily basis.

Examples:

  • Synecdoche: farmhands; head (to refer to individuals in a herd)
  • Metonymy: the White House (to refer to the executive branch of the US Federal Government); Google (as a verb: to search on the internet)

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Personification

Personification is when you give human form to a non-human thing. I won’t trot out the tired ruby fingers of dawn —oops, just did. Rest assured: Apart from the diurnal digits, there are plenty of other examples of personification in poetry.

The mechanics of personification are typically description or action. For action, you would have a non-human perform a specifically human thing, such as crying. For description, you would give human attributes to the non-human.

Personification Examples:

  • The earth laughed green into the air.
  • Rumors of the closure frowned on the town.
  • We couldn’t escape the long arm of the law.

Image

While Ezra Pound wasn’t necessarily known for being a very nice guy, he did have a major influence over the definition of image in English poetry. He wrote that an image is something that presents an instantaneous emotional and intellectual moment — he called it a “complex.” He thought that being in the presence of an image should liberate people and help them grow.

Image in poetry is more about evoking imagination than it is about describing something. You don’t have to paint a picture to create an image — leave the painting to the painters. A lot of the work words do to create images is in the associations to their literal meaning — sound, context and semantic multiplicity.

Image Poetic Devices Examples:

  • From Yusef Komunyakaa’s “Togetherness”: “…what remains unsaid / coalesces around an old blues / & begs with a hawk’s yellow eyes.”
  • From James Schuyler’s “The Bluet”: “…The woods / around were brown, / the air crisp as a / Carr’s table water / biscuit and smelt of / cider.”

A List of Poetic Devices Defined and Examples of What They Do in Poems (7)

Speaker and Audience

The speaker of the poem can be a narrator, the poet or a persona of some kind. The addressee can be a lover, a log or the entire human race.

The “I” and the “you” of the poem aren’t always so well defined. Sometimes, depending on the mode and the form, the poem might be disembodied: no humans present to speak, and nobody who’s supposed to listen. List poems and haikus often don’t have a strong speaker or addressee, for example.

(Video) Poetic devices in English|Poetic devices class 10|Poetic devices explanation and examples

Speaker and Audience Example:

  • Well, there you have it: a brief look at some poetic devices with examples of each. Thank you for reading.

Conclusion: Poetic Devices Do a Lot!

Do you have any great examples of these poetic devices? We’d also love to hear which of these literary devices are your favorites and which ones you aren’t impressed with. Comment below!

FAQs

What are the literary devices used in the poem explain with examples? ›

The following poetic devices intensify mood, feeling and sound in a poem: Alliteration: The repetition of an initial consonant sound. Assonance: The repetition of internal vowel sounds in words that are near each other. Cacophony: The use of nonsense words or certain sounds to create harsh and hard tones.

What are the 12 elements of poetry with definition? ›

What are the 12 elements of poetry? The 12 elements of poetry include structure, form, speaker, sound devices, figurative language, rhyme, meter, theme, tone, mood, syntax, and diction. What is the significance of diction as an element of poetry? Diction is the poet's use of language, word choice, and syntax.

What are the 6 poetic devices? ›

  • 6 poetic devices.
  • Simile.
  • personification.
  • alliteration.
  • Onomatopoeia.
  • consonance,
  • Metaphor.
  • is a figure of speech which is basically comparing to things with each other but they can actually be compared.

How many types of poetic devices are there in English? ›

The 20 Poetic Devices You Must Know.

What are the 12 common literary devices? ›

Literary Devices List: 14 Common Literary Devices
  • Metaphor. Metaphors, also known as direct comparisons, are one of the most common literary devices. ...
  • Simile. ...
  • Imagery. ...
  • Symbolism. ...
  • Personification. ...
  • Hyperbole. ...
  • Irony. ...
  • Juxtaposition.
22 Sept 2020

Which poetic device is used in the first line of the poem? ›

The correct answer is 'Alliteration'. Alliteration is the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Which of the following are examples of sound devices in a poem? ›

  • Poetic Sound Devices.
  • Alliteration.
  • Assonance.
  • Consonance.
  • Euphony.
  • Cacophony.

What is the best poetic device? ›

Repetition. Repetition is among the most frequently used poetic devices, they create a certain rhythm to a poem. This rhythm is often established with rhyming, syllable variation, and repetition. Moreover, repetition is as simple as repeating words, phrases, and/or lines.

What are the 5 most important elements of poetry? ›

The basic elements of poetry include meter, rhyme, scheme, verse, and stanza. In order to dive deeper into poetry, students will first need to understand these structural elements.

What are the 4 main elements of poetry? ›

No matter if you're writing sonnets or lyrics to your next mixtape, these five things are essential to any poem.
  • Imagery. The only thing that will make your poetry powerful and enticing is great imagery. ...
  • Rhythm. Yes, rhythm can include rhyme. ...
  • Sound. ...
  • Density. ...
  • Line.
15 Feb 2015

What are the 7 types of imagery in poetry? ›

There are seven distinct types of imagery:
  • Visual.
  • Auditory.
  • Olfactory.
  • Gustatory.
  • Tactile.
  • Kinesthetic.
  • Organic.

What are the 7 literary device used in the poem? ›

Poetic Devices for Class 9 and 10| Literary Devices in Poems Examples and Explanation with Video
AlliterationMetaphor
Antithesispersonification
AssonanceRefrain
AsyndetonRhyme
ConsonanceRepetition
6 more rows

Why are poetic devices important? ›

Poetic devices are tools that a poet can use to create rhythm, enhance a poem's meaning, or intensify a mood or feeling. These devices help piece the poem together, much like a hammer and nails join planks of wood together.

What is the most common sound device in poetry? ›

The four most common sound devices are repetition, rhyme, alliteration, and assonance. Subject matter for any form of poetry writing is limitless.

What is an imagery in a poem? ›

Elements of a poem that invoke any of the five senses to create a set of mental images. Specifically, using vivid or figurative language to represent ideas, objects, or actions.

What are 5 examples of hyperbole? ›

Hyperbole examples
  • I'm so hungry, I could eat a horse.
  • My feet are killing me.
  • That plane ride took forever.
  • This is the best book ever written.
  • I love you to the moon and back.
  • The pen is mightier than the sword.
  • I've told you this 20,000 times.
  • Cry me a river.
30 May 2021

What is the 10 literary device? ›

#10 – Personification

Personification is a literary device where you give human-like qualities to non-human elements. This is one of the most well-known literary devices and it's useful for a number of reasons: Creates a stronger visual.

What is personification in poetry? ›

A figure of speech in which the poet describes an abstraction, a thing, or a nonhuman form as if it were a person. William Blake's “O Rose, thou art sick!” is one example; Donne's “Death, be not proud” is another.

What is an alliteration in poetry? ›

Alliteration is the repetition of the same sound at the start of a series of words in succession whose purpose is to provide an audible pulse that gives a piece of writing a lulling, lyrical, and/or emotive effect. This paragraph is an example of alliteration.

Why did the poet use alliteration in the poem? ›

The main reason to use alliteration in poetry is that it sounds pleasing. It's a means to get the attention of readers or listeners. It's also a clear way to signify that the alliterative words are linked together thematically, and it puts a spotlight on the subject contained therein.

What is a sound device in poem? ›

Sound devices are elements of literature and poetry that emphasize sound. There are a few different types of sound devices including alliteration, rhyme schemes and rhythm. Alliteration is the repetition of constant sounds.

What is an example of assonance in a poem? ›

Assonance is the repetition of the vowel sound across words within the lines of the poem creating internal rhymes. Examples of assonance across words include: crying time; hop-scotch; great flakes; between trees; and, the kind knight rides by.

Which of these example is an example of sound device? ›

Some examples of sound devices are: rhythm, rhyme, repetition, alliteration, and euphony.

What is the name of the poetic device? ›

Poetic devices are a form of literary device used in poetry. Poems are created out of poetic devices composite of: structural, grammatical, rhythmic, metrical, verbal, and visual elements. They are essential tools that a poet uses to create rhythm, enhance a poem's meaning, or intensify a mood or feeling.

Is metaphor a poetic device? ›

POETIC DEVICES

Share: Metaphor is a common poetic device where an object in, or the subject of, a poem is described as being the same as another otherwise unrelated object.

Is symbolism a poetic device? ›

Symbolism is one of the many literary devices writers use to make their work more vivid. In a way, symbolism (and certain other literary devices, like personification and imagery) illustrates a piece of writing by creating pictures in the reader's mind.

What are the 3 main types of poetry? ›

There are three main kinds of poetry: narrative, dramatic and lyrical. It is not always possible to make distinction between them. For example, an epic poem can contain lyrical passages, or lyrical poem can contain narrative parts.

What are 3 main elements of a poem? ›

There are three distinct elements that contribute to the structure of a poem: The statement and voice. The rhythm. The rhyme.

What is structure in poetry? ›

The structure of a poem involves many elements, such as the number of lines, the number of syllables in each line, the rhyming of certain words and phrases with others, and much more.

What are the 7 features of poetry? ›

These are stylistic choices that can vary from piece to piece, but must nonetheless be made by every poet.
  • Figures of Speech. ...
  • Descriptive Imagery. ...
  • Punctuation and Format. ...
  • Sound and Tone. ...
  • Choice of Meter.

What is a poem Grade 8? ›

Poetry is the art of expressing one's thoughts in verse. Usually briefer or shorter than prose, poetry is written in. lines and stanzas, with a lot of white space on the page. The two major genres (kinds) of poetry are narrative.

What are the 6 characteristics of poetry? ›

Quality Characterisics
  • Imaginative.
  • Creative.
  • Descriptive and vivid language that often has an economical or condensed use of words chosen for their sound and meaning.
  • Meaning is enhanced by recalling memories of related experiences in the reader or listener.
  • Provokes thought.

What are the 6 important aspects of poetry? ›

As with narrative, there are "elements" of poetry that we can focus on to enrich our understanding of a particular poem or group of poems. These elements may include, voice, diction, imagery, figures of speech, symbolism and allegory, syntax, sound, rhythm and meter, and structure.

What are 4 lines in a poem called? ›

Quatrain Definition with Examples. In poetry, a quatrain is a verse with four lines. Quatrains are popular in poetry because they are compatible with different rhyme schemes and rhythmic patterns.

What are the 7 types of imagery explain each? ›

To reinforce their messages, poets employ auditory, gustatory, kinesthetic, olfactory, organic, tactile or visual imagery, which are the seven major types that literary authorities recognize. Many poets combine any or all of these categories in their work.

What are the two types of images in poetry? ›

What Are the 5 Types of Imagery in Literature?
  • Visual imagery is the most common form of imagery in literature. ...
  • Gustatory imagery has to do with our taste buds. ...
  • Tactile imagery reaches out to our sense of touch.

What is simile in poem? ›

A comparison (see Metaphor) made with “as,” “like,” or “than.” In “A Red, Red Rose,” Robert Burns declares: O my Luve is like a red, red rose. That's newly sprung in June; O my Luve is like the melody.

What are the poetic devices used in the poem The Road Not Taken Class 9? ›

Poetic Devices: Alliteration: Repetition of 'f' sound in 'first' and 'for'. Repetition: The word 'way' has been repeated twice. Imagery: The poet gives a beautiful description of both the roads that morning.

What literary device uses the 5 senses? ›

Sensory imagery is a literary device writers employ to engage a reader's mind on multiple levels. Sensory imagery explores the five human senses: sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell.

What is a hyperbole in a poem? ›

A figure of speech composed of a striking exaggeration. For example, see James Tate's lines “She scorched you with her radiance” or “He was more wronged than Job.” Hyperbole usually carries the force of strong emotion, as in Andrew Marvell's description of a forlorn lover: The sea him lent those bitter tears.

What is irony in the poem? ›

As a literary device, irony implies a distance between what is said and what is meant. Based on the context, the reader is able to see the implied meaning in spite of the contradiction.

What is allusion in poetry? ›

Allusions are generally regarded as brief but purposeful references, within a literary text, to a person, place, event, or to another work of literature.

What are literary devices explain? ›

A literary device is a tool used by writers to hint at larger themes, ideas, and meaning in a story or piece of writing. There are many styles of literary devices, each serving a different purpose. Some operate at the sentence level, while others serve the piece of writing as a whole.

What is the main literary device used in the poem? ›

Repetition. Repetition is among the most frequently used poetic devices, they create a certain rhythm to a poem. This rhythm is often established with rhyming, syllable variation, and repetition. Moreover, repetition is as simple as repeating words, phrases, and/or lines.

What literary devices are used in the poem a story? ›

In Li-Young Lee's poem “A Story”, the literary devices point of view, metaphors, and the structure of the poem are used to portray the complex relationship of the father and child and their inability to be able to connect with one another despite their wishes to do so.

How do you identify the literary devices that used in a poem? ›

How to Identify Literary Devices
  1. Review Figurative Language Forms.
  2. Identify the Setting.
  3. Explore Themes.
  4. Recognize Allegory.
  5. Watch for Alliteration.
  6. Identify Hyperbole.
  7. 7 Watch for Paradoxes.
  8. Look for Allusions.
1 Apr 2022

What are the poetic devices used in the poem write the name of figures of speech used in the poem the voice of the rain? ›

1) Personification (human attributes lent to inanimate objects)- voice lent to rain 2) Metaphor (implied comparison)- “I am the Poem of Earth” 3) Hyperbole (exaggeration for effect)- 'bottomless sea' 4) Oxymoron (contradictory terms joined together for an effect) - day and night, reck'd and unreck'd 5) Paradox (a ...

What is a metaphor in poetry? ›

Metaphor is a common poetic device where an object in, or the subject of, a poem is described as being the same as another otherwise unrelated object. A beautiful example can be seen in the first stanza of The Highwayman by Alfred Noyes, in the line: The moon was a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas…

What is an example of a story device? ›

Cliffhanger: A cliffhanger is one of the most commonly used plot devices for good reason. By not resolving an ending, an author keeps their readers yearning for more and certain to come back. Most comic books end each installment on a cliffhanger—often with the hero dangling over a death trap.

How do the literary technique and devices used in the text affect the story development? ›

Convey abstract information.

More common in fiction stories, literary devices can help the author convey abstract concepts or information to the reader. They can help communicate the work's overall meaning or theme, without the writer having to directly state the purpose.

How do you identify a metaphor in a poem? ›

Metaphor: compares two things directly without using “like” or “as”; the subject IS the object. Metaphors are more direct than similes, which can make them seem stronger or more surprising. Example: The sunrise this morning was an ocean of honey dusted with powdered sugar.

Is rhyme a poetic device? ›

Rhyme is one of the first poetic devices that we become familiar with but it can be a tricky poetic device to work with. Matching content to a rhyming pattern takes a lot of skill. A lazy rhyme is a poetry crime!

Videos

1. Poetic Devices
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2. Understanding Poetic Devices
(Jamain Hatton)
3. Literary devices in poems - List, Definitions, Examples, Common Literary Devices
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4. POETIC DEVICES - Simile, Metaphor, Alliteration, Hyperbole, Assonance
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