An Outstanding Poetic Devices Guidelines with Examples (2023)

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What are Poetic Devices?

If you have enrolled in an English course, certainly, you will understand the significance of poetic devices. Also, you might understand, how important it seems to make appropriate use of poetic devices, as you want to score well in your English paper. Mostly, students experience trouble in using correct poetic devices, perhaps they know what it is. So, if you want to know, what poetic devices are, possibly this is the best place to learn. To illustrate, poetic devices serve as tools to develop rhythm, improve meaning and moods through different writing strategies. However, applying rhyme to develop rhythm is only one poetic devices examples. Thus, let’s learn more about its definition, examples, and uses as well as advantages and thereby deliver flawless English papers.

Precisely, every poem follows a rigid structure, however, various kinds of poems apply poetic devices. Also, poetic devices stitch different pieces of poems together, just as hammers and nails integrate planks of woods. Moreover, few poetic devices apply to literature as well, but we ought to explore it through the lens of poetry. Besides, writing a poem is not every person’s cup of tea, yet you may learn the skill. Perhaps, if you make effective use of words and choose the right rhythm, certainly, you have mastered the skill. Furthermore, in literature, you need to understand different types of writing and make use of appropriate words.

An Outstanding Poetic Devices Guidelines with Examples (1)


What are the Examples of Poetic Devices?

Let’s now explore 12 important poetic devices and understand them through suitable examples.

An Outstanding Poetic Devices Guidelines with Examples (2)

1. Anaphora

To illustrate, an anaphora indicates a poem that repeats a phrase at the starting of each line. Frequently, it’s the core component of the poem’s development and in other cases, it’s used in one or two paragraphs. However, it’s not applied to the entire piece of poem.

Example: I am a feather in the bright sky

I am the blue horse that runs in the plain

I am the fish that rolls, shining, in the water

I am the shadow that follows a child

Precisely, the poem “The Delight Song of Tsoai- tale” by N.Scott Momaday is an experiment of metaphor. Also, the easy “I am “anaphora drives the audience’s attention towards the increasing need of the poet to describe himself.

2. Alliteration

Simply, alliteration is the repetition of a continuous sound at the starting of 2 or more subsequent words. Perhaps, an alliteration is a strong and subtle way of regulating the poem’s mood. For instance, a range of “s’es” words might make your poem sneaky, sharp, and sinister. On the other hand, a series of b’s, d’s, and p’s might give your poem a persuasive or heavy sound. Moreover, this sounds like beating sticks on a drum.

Example: Lord Ullin’s daughter

His horsemen hard behind us ride;

Should they our steps discover,

Then who will cheer my bonny bride

When they have slain her lover/”

Subsequently, this example focuses on words like his horsemen and hard. Moreover, you will identify the “h” sound in three continuous sentences.

3. Assonance

Besides, assonance portrays the iteration of the vowel sound in specific sentences. Despite its complexity, assonance is identified regularly in modern poetry.

Example: Poem – The duck and the Kangaroo

Good gracious! How you hop!

(Video) Poetic Devices Explained: LINE BREAKS (Definitions, Examples, and How to Use Them).

Over the fields and the water too:

Consequently, in the above poem, you may find the iteration of the “o” vowel in words like good, you, hop, and too.

4. Consonance

Alternatively, consonance demonstrates the iteration of consonant sounds in specific sentences. Perhaps, the repetition is either identified in the starting or at the middle of specific sentences. Let’s understand the same through the example below.

Example: Poem – The Tyger

Tyger Tyger, burning bright,

In the forests of the night;

What immortal hand or eye,

Could frame thy fearful symmetry”

To illustrate, check the consonant “r” sound in each line of the given stanza.

5. Cacophony

Subsequently, the cacophony communicates the disorder message by providing a range of unpleasant and hard sounds. Consequently, poems which masters musicality might sound cacophonous. Though a cacophony sounds unpleasant, yet its impact isn’t unpleasant for the readers. Generally, a cacophony happens, when the poet uses a rude sound repeatedly.

Example: Poem – Jabberwocky

“Twas brillig, and the slithy toves

Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;

All mimsy were the borogoves, an

And the mome raths outgrabe.

Beware the Jabberwock, my son!

The jaws that bite, the claws that catch!

Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun

The frumious Bandersnatch!”

Did you identify any unpleasant or nonsense sounds in the above example? If yes, perhaps you have understood what cacophony is.

6. Euphony

Generally, euphony is one such poetic device that sounds pleasant to the ears of the readers. Unlike a cacophony, the flow of euphony is pleasant as well as sounds sweet.

Example: Poem – To Autumn

Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness,

Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun;

Conspiring with him how to load and bless

With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eves run”

Mostly, you may find few simple words that sound like a melody in the above stanza.

7. Onomatopoeia

If you want to create a dramatic effect, certainly you ought to use the right set of words. Let’s look at the example below and understand how onomatopoeia works.

(Video) Understanding Poetic Devices

Example: Poem- The Brook

“I chatter over stony ways,

In little sharps and trebles,

I bubble into eddying bays,

I babble on the pebbles.”

Did you notice the dramatic effect in the above stanza? To illustrate, words like chatter, trebles, bubble, and pebbles explain the summer season. Moreover, they establish a significant effect of flowing water in the poem.

Let’s further explore the sounds that might create a dramatic effect on a poem.

Water SoundsCollision SoundsAir SoundsAnimal Sounds

8. Repetition

Frequently, repetitions occur to highlight a specific scenario. Occasionally, it’s applied to make poems more appealing as well as attractive. Usually, repetitions take place in children’s poems and thereby drive the reader’s attention.

Example: Poem – The Green Grass grows all around

There was a tree

All in the wood

The prettiest tree

That you ever did see

The tree in a hole

And the hole in the ground

And the green grass grows all around, all around

The green grass grows all around

Consequently, words like “green grass” and “tree” display the right motto to all children.

9. Rhyme

Another, important type of poetic device is the rhyme that establishes a musical effect through the right sets of words. Moreover, two types of rhymes exist in poems that we ought to explore in the following paragraphs. However, before, we go any further, let’s explore one general example of a rhyme.

Example: Poem – The rime of the ancientmariner

“The ship was cheered, the harbor cleared,

Merrily did we drop

Below the Kirk, below the hill,

Below the lighthouse top

Did you find the rhymes examples in the above stanza? Of course, cheered-cleared and drop-top is your answer.

· Internal Rhyme

Precisely, internal rhyme happens in the same line of a poem, for instance, words like “dreary” and “weary” demonstrate internal rhyming. Let’s check it below:

Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary

· End- Rhyme

Generally, it happens when two words are used in the same line and generate the same sound.

(Video) What are Poetic Devices and How to Use Them in Poem | Total Assignment Help

For example: “A word is dead

When it is said

Thus, words like dead and said demonstrate the end rhyme in the same sentence.

10. Caesura

Do you speak without a break? Of course not, then how may you write a poem without giving a pause? Thus, caesura demonstrates a pause in the rhythm of the poems.

Example: Poem – The Star-Spangled Banner

Oh, say can you seeIIby the dawn’s early light,

What so proudly we hailedIIas the twilights last gleaming?

Whose broad stripes and bright starsIIthrough the perilous fight,

O’er the ramparts we watchedIIwere so gallantly streaming

Did you notice the bold words in the above stanza? If yes, then start reading the stanza and use the bold words as a pause.

11. Allusion

Simply, an allusion serves as an indirect reference to a character, person, art, historical events, or even mythological situations. In a nutshell, it briefly describes the above-mentioned things.

For example,The Cunninghams are country folks, farmers, and the crash hit them hardest”.

Perhaps, in the above line, the poet indirectly talks about the stock market, while he uses the phrase “crash hit”. Hence, this sentence is an allusion.

12. Analogy

Subsequently, an analogy communicates the poet’s message by comparing two different situations. Moreover, it supports the readers to understand the link between different or similar situations.

What are the types of Analogy?

Let’s now explore the different types of analogies that might help you to fare well in competitive exams.

  • Simile- Simply, a simile compares two words, using the words like “as” or “like”.
  • Metaphor- Unlike a simile, it compares two words, however, it doesn’t use words like “as” or “like”.
  • Allegory- In short, an allegory describes a person, event, or symbol and might describe political or historical situations.
  • Parable- Similar to an allegory, however, it presents the story with educational lessons or even principles.
  • Exemplification- Generally, it describes the connection between a sample and what it states.

What are examples of Analogy?

  • As light as a feather.
  • Sly like a fox.
  • As happy as a clam.
  • Busy like a bee.
  • As quiet as a mouse.

Further, you may explore below to understand the examples of kenning, marked in bold.

1. “There was Shield Sheafson, scourge of many tribes,

A wrecker of mead-benches, rampaging among foes.

This terror of the hall-troops had come far.”

2. “As his powers waxed and his worth was proved.

In the end each clan on the outlying coasts

Beyond the whale-road had to yield to him

And begin to pay tribute. That was one good king.”

13. Hyperbole

Simply, hyperbole explains the disgraceful exaggeration of an effect that pays attention to the practical context. Also, in Greek, it’s called overcasting.

Example: Ride ten thousand days and nights,

Till age snow white hairs on thee,

If you consider “ten thousand days and nights” certainly it’s not a normal situation. Hence, the above stanza demonstrates an exaggeration.

14. Irony

Generally, irony explains a contradictory situation that compares reality and what seems true. Let’s explore few lines from the play “Romeo and Juliet” and understand the irony better.

Go ask his name: if he is married.

(Video) A Thing of Beauty - Rhyme Scheme & Poetic Devices

My grave is like to be my wedding bed.”

If you read the line’s rights, perhaps you will understand what irony is. To clarify, the lines describe a situation, where the speaker states that she will die if she finds the man married.

15. Imagery

Usually, imagery provides the visual representation of a situation and not describes the real condition. Moreover, it inculcates a feeling in the poem and develops a sensory effect.

Example: Poem – I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud

I wandered lonely as a cloud

That floats on high o’er vales and hills,

When all at once I saw a crowd,

A host of golden daffodils;

Mostly, in the above stanza, William Wordsworth shares his feeling through the components of nature.

16. Oxymoron

Subsequently, an oxymoron creates a link between the contradicting words. Moreover, oxymoron words don’t contradict each other, but it depicts a different meaning.

Example: All the politiciansagreedtodisagree.

To illustrate the bold words the above are an oxymoron, so if you find it, perhaps you understood it right.

17. Paradox

Simultaneously, a paradox explains the opposite to expectations, existing believes, or even the perceived opinions.

Example:The child is a father of the man…

Though the sentence seems incorrect, yet it has a core meaning attached to it.

18. Pun

In brief, a pun depicts the word games that share different meanings and generates similar sounds.

Example: “I can’t remember which state my wife wanted to visit for our next vacation — it’s OK, Alaska.

So, if you read the sentence right, possibly you will understand the joke in “Alaska”. To clarify, it sounds as if I will ask her.

19. Personification

Simply, a personification compares non-living objects to human beings. Also, it enables the readers to understand the true message of the poem.

Example: Poem – The song of the rain

I have dotted silver threads dropped from heaven

By the gods. Nature then takes me, to adorn

Her fields and valleys.

Did you find any personification here? To illustrate the poet compares the rain to silver threads that comes from heaven.

What are the Advantages of Poetic Devices?

  • If you gain mastery in all the above 19 poetic devices, perhaps you will enrich the poems you write.
  • Subsequently, if you don’t use poetic devices, then your work may look like any other piece of literature. Hence, to make your poem effective, it’s important to use poetic devices.

Final Thoughts

If you have clicked here, possibly this blog might have driven your interest. Moreover, if you read this blog twice or thrice, certainly you will understand poetic devices better. However, if you still face problems, talk to your professors, who may give you the best guidance. Also, if you need help with your assignments, consider talking to our English assignment experts, who will give you the finest deliveries. Though the poetic devices sound complex, ultimately it’s possible to learn them.



What is poetic devices with examples? ›

AlliterationThe repetition of initial sounds in words within a line or verse of poetry.
AssonanceRepetition of the same vowel sound in a line of poetry. It is often used to slow the pace of poetry.
OnomatopoeiaThe use of words which suggest their meaning when pronounced.
5 more rows

What are poetic devices with examples for Class 7? ›

7th grade poetic devices
rhyme schemepattern of rhymes in a poem*
rhythmthe beat created by the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry*
repetitionusing any element of language (sound, word, phrase, line, etc.) more than once*
alliterationrepetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of words*
17 more rows

What is the poetic devices used in the poem? ›

Poetic devices are a form of literary device used in poetry. Poems are created out of poetic devices composite of: structural, grammatical, rhythmic, metrical, verbal, and visual elements. They are essential tools that a poet uses to create rhythm, enhance a poem's meaning, or intensify a mood or feeling.

What is the best poetic device? ›

Repetition. Repetition is among the most frequently used poetic devices, they create a certain rhythm to a poem. This rhythm is often established with rhyming, syllable variation, and repetition. Moreover, repetition is as simple as repeating words, phrases, and/or lines.

What is the most used poetic device? ›

Alliteration: One of the most used poetic devices, Alliteration is a phonetic structure and repeated usage of sound or letter used in the first syllable of a word. It is considered as the oldest poetic tool that is generally used for two or more words in a poem.

How many types of poetic devices are there? ›

We cover five types of common poetic devices and their uses to help you through your HSC: Alliteration. Caesura and enjambment.

What are the 6 poetic devices? ›

  • 6 poetic devices.
  • Simile.
  • personification.
  • alliteration.
  • Onomatopoeia.
  • consonance,
  • Metaphor.
  • is a figure of speech which is basically comparing to things with each other but they can actually be compared.

Why are poetic devices important? ›

They're literary apparatus such as grammar, rhythm, and structure, helping poets create poems for them. Poetic devices enhance timing or rhythms, meaning of the word's meanings or the feelings of readers.

What is the poetic device symbol? ›

Symbolism is a literary device that uses symbols, be they words, people, marks, locations, or abstract ideas to represent something beyond the literal meaning. The concept of symbolism is not confined to works of literature: symbols inhabit every corner of our daily life.

What is irony poetic device? ›

The definition of irony as a literary device is a situation in which there is a contrast between expectation and reality. For example, the difference between what something appears to mean versus its literal meaning.

What is the difference between poetic devices and figure of speech? ›

The key difference between literary devices and figures of speech is that the literary devices involve all literary elements in a literary work while the figures of speech mainly involve language and style of a literary work.

What is personification poetic device? ›

Personification is a poetic device where animals, plants or even inanimate objects, are given human qualities – resulting in a poem full of imagery and description. Consider the first stanza of Jackie Kay's poem Way Down below in the Streets of Paris: I spied a small lonely boy.

Where is imagery poetic device used? ›

Imagery is a literary device used in poetry, novels, and other writing that uses vivid description that appeals to a readers' senses to create an image or idea in their head. Through language, imagery does not only paint a picture, but aims to portray the sensational and emotional experience within text.

What poetic devices are used in the poem every day you play? ›

The poem opens with a metaphor - the poet compares his beloved woman to a powerful force: "Every day you play with the light of the universe." The poet describes her as if he were talking about the sun, a creator of life: "Subtle visitor, you arrive in the flower and the water." Other metaphors throughout the poem are ...

What is the easiest poetic device? ›

Alliteration. This is one of the easiest go-to devices to use. Alliteration involves the quick repetition of the first letters, and therefore the first sounds, of words.

What are the 3 poetic forms? ›

15 Types of Poetic Forms
  • Blank verse. Blank verse is poetry written with a precise meter—almost always iambic pentameter—that does not rhyme. ...
  • Rhymed poetry. In contrast to blank verse, rhymed poems rhyme by definition, although their scheme varies. ...
  • Free verse. ...
  • Epics. ...
  • Narrative poetry. ...
  • Haiku. ...
  • Pastoral poetry. ...
  • Sonnet.
31 Aug 2022

What are the 5 most important elements of poetry? ›

The basic elements of poetry include meter, rhyme, scheme, verse, and stanza. In order to dive deeper into poetry, students will first need to understand these structural elements.

What are the 7 types of imagery in poetry? ›

There are seven distinct types of imagery:
  • Visual.
  • Auditory.
  • Olfactory.
  • Gustatory.
  • Tactile.
  • Kinesthetic.
  • Organic.

What are the 12 elements of poetry with definition? ›

What are the 12 elements of poetry? The 12 elements of poetry include structure, form, speaker, sound devices, figurative language, rhyme, meter, theme, tone, mood, syntax, and diction. What is the significance of diction as an element of poetry? Diction is the poet's use of language, word choice, and syntax.

What are the effects of poetic devices? ›

They are literary devices such as grammar, rhythm, structure that aid a poet in creating poetry. Poetic devices may enhance the timing and rhythm of the poem, the meaning of the words or the emotions felt by those reading it.

Is rhyme a poetic device? ›

Rhyme is one of the first poetic devices that we become familiar with but it can be a tricky poetic device to work with. Matching content to a rhyming pattern takes a lot of skill. A lazy rhyme is a poetry crime!

What is the purpose of poetic? ›

Poetry helps by teaching in rhythm, stringing words together with a beat helps cognitive understanding of words and where they fit. Additionally, it teaches children the art of creative expression, which most found highly lacking in the new-age educational landscape.

What is metaphor poetic device? ›

Metaphor is a common poetic device where an object in, or the subject of, a poem is described as being the same as another otherwise unrelated object. A beautiful example can be seen in the first stanza of The Highwayman by Alfred Noyes, in the line: The moon was a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas…

What is oxymoron poetic device? ›

oxymoron, a word or group of words that is self-contradicting, as in bittersweet or plastic glass. Oxymorons are similar to such other devices as paradox and antithesis and are often used in poetry and other literature.

What are some examples of imagery? ›

Literal imagery uses descriptive words that mean exactly what they say. For example: “The grass was green, and the flowers were red.” Figurative imagery uses descriptive language that means something different than or goes beyond the literal definition of the words, often through exaggeration, comparison, or symbolism.

What is hyperbole poetic device? ›

hyperbole, a figure of speech that is an intentional exaggeration for emphasis or comic effect. Hyperbole is common in love poetry, in which it is used to convey the lover's intense admiration for his beloved.

Who is the father of irony? ›

According to Encyclopædia Britannica: The term irony has its roots in the Greek comic character Eiron, a clever underdog who by his wit repeatedly triumphs over the boastful character Alazon. The Socratic irony of the Platonic dialogues derives from this comic origin.

What is hyperbole in poetry? ›

A figure of speech composed of a striking exaggeration. For example, see James Tate's lines “She scorched you with her radiance” or “He was more wronged than Job.” Hyperbole usually carries the force of strong emotion, as in Andrew Marvell's description of a forlorn lover: The sea him lent those bitter tears.

Is image a poetic device? ›

Imagery as a poetic device refers to the usage of verbal images to describe a concept. An image is thus any vivid or picturesque phrase that evokes a particular sensation in the reader's mind.

Is an idiom a poetic device? ›

Thus, it can be easily seen that an idiom is, indeed, a literary device.

What is an example of hyperbole? ›

Those who hear or read the hyperbole should understand that it is an exaggeration. You've probably heard common hyperboles in everyday conversations such as “I'm so hungry, I could eat a horse,” “I've seen this movie a hundred times,” or “It cost an arm and a leg.”

What is alliteration with example? ›

Alliteration is the repetition of an initial consonant sound in words that are in close proximity to each other. By “close proximity,” we mean words that can be—but don't have to be—consecutive. Perhaps the easiest way to recognize alliteration is to see it in action, so take a look at these examples: Leapin' lizards!

What is a simile example? ›

A simile is a phrase that uses a comparison to describe.

For example, “life” can be described as similar to “a box of chocolates.” You know you've spotted one when you see the words like or as in a comparison.

Where is used personification? ›

Personification is a type of metaphor that gives human characteristics to inanimate objects and animals, such as emotions and behaviors. An example of personification is the English nursery rhyme “Hey Diddle Diddle,” which features a cow jumping over the moon.

What is Enjambment poetic device? ›

Enjambment, from the French meaning “a striding over,” is a poetic term for the continuation of a sentence or phrase from one line of poetry to the next. An enjambed line typically lacks punctuation at its line break, so the reader is carried smoothly and swiftly—without interruption—to the next line of the poem.

Why are poetic devices used? ›

Writers commonly use literary devices in poetry to help make their points memorable or their language more evocative. You've likely used poetic devices without thinking about it, but deliberate use can make your writing even stronger! A little skillful use of spices and poetic devices goes a long way.

What is irony poetic device with example? ›

The definition of irony as a literary device is a situation in which there is a contrast between expectation and reality. For example, the difference between what something appears to mean versus its literal meaning. Irony is associated with both tragedy and humor.

What are poetic words? ›

What is poetic language? Poetic language (also called poetic devices) are the tools of of sound or meaning that a poet can use to make the poem more surprising, vivid, complex, or interesting. Examples of these tools include alliteration, onomatopoeia, imagery, metaphors and similes, and allusion.

How do you identify poetic device personification? ›


Share: Personification is a poetic device where animals, plants or even inanimate objects, are given human qualities – resulting in a poem full of imagery and description.

What are poetic elements? ›

The basic elements of poetry include meter, rhyme, scheme, verse, and stanza. In order to dive deeper into poetry, students will first need to understand these structural elements.

What is anaphora with example? ›

anaph·​o·​ra ə-ˈna-f(ə-)rə : repetition of a word or expression at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effect. Lincoln's "we cannot dedicate—we cannot consecrate—we cannot hallow—this ground" is an example of anaphora.

What are the 3 types of poetry? ›

There are three main kinds of poetry: narrative, dramatic and lyrical. It is not always possible to make distinction between them. For example, an epic poem can contain lyrical passages, or lyrical poem can contain narrative parts.

What is a 5 word poem called? ›

1. Cinquain: A cinquain is a poem or five-line stanza with a rigid syllable count for each line. This modern form was invented by American poet Adelaide Crapsey.

What is a poetic sentence called? ›

Although the word for a single poetic line is verse, that term now tends to be used to signify poetic form more generally.


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